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P.Adinarayana Rao(1915–1991) - Music Director


Penupatruni Adinarayana Rao (1915–1991), also known as P. Adinarayana Rao was a Telugu music director, film producer, lyricist and play writer.He co-founded "Aswini Pictures" with A N R and produced some movies in Telugu and Tamil. Later, he produced several blockbuster Telugu movies under his own production house, Anjali Pictures, named after his actress wife, Anjali Devi. He also produced and composed music for several Tamil and Hindi movies.
According to the music critic V. A. K. Rangarao, "Adinarayana Rao is credited for introducing Hindustani music in contemporary flavour and simplified orchestration, and thereby impressing both laymen audience as well cognoscenti. It is this music that survives him enthralling all the music lovers".Memorable music compositions from him are "Rajasekhara Neepai Moju Theera Leduraa" in the movie Anarkali released in 1955, "Piluvakuraa Alugakuraa" in the movie Suvarna Sundari released in 1957, "Telugu Veera Levaraa Deeksha Booni Sagara" and "Vastaadu Naraju" in the movie Alluri Seetarama Raju released in 1974 and all songs including "Ghana Ghana Sundara" in Bhakta Tukaram, released in 1973.Music directors such as Satyam, Totakura Venkata Raju and Lakshmikant-Pyarelal honed their skills by working under him as assistant directors.
Life:
Adinarayana Rao was born in 1915 at Kakinada of East Godavari in Andhra Pradesh to Penupatruni Krishnayya Goud and Penupatruni Anasuya. He did his matriculation from Kakinada.He started his film career as a child artist at the age of six under Rajarajeswari Naatya Mandali's baton to play the roles of mythological characters like "Narada" and "Savitri". Later, he studied classical music under Patrayani Sitaramsastry in Saluru. By age of 12, he started playing many musical instruments and showing his talent in both music as a composer and on stage as a play writer.He was well known in Kakinada theatre with plays like Black Market, Vasanta Sena and Veedhi Gaayakulu, which he still continued after entering film industry and was affectionately given a nickname "Abbayi Garu". The play Street Singers written by him was well admired, and his wife Anjali Devi received Gold medal and a citation from Sir Arthur Hope, then governor of Madras Presidency in 1943.He fine-tuned his skills into a well known artist while working under Burmah Shell Amateurs Troupe through famous "Young Mens Happy Club" which produced stalwarts from Telugu film industry like Relangi, S. V. Ranga Rao, Gandikota Jagannatham and Anjali Devi. It is here, that he met his future wife Anjali Devi.
He along with S. V. Ranga Rao made their debut into film industry with film Varudhini in 1946. Adinarayana Rao wrote lyrics and composed music for two songs in that film. Later, wrote lyrics and composed music for couple of films. Huge break arrived with film Gollabhama directed by C. Pullaiah, in which his wife Anjali Devi made her debut. With film Palletoori Pilla in 1950, he established himself into a well-known and full-fledged music director in the Telugu film industry. He married Anjali Devi in 1948, and they had two sons.His granddaughter Saila Rao is also an actress.He was versatile in composing music, writing lyrics and story for films, and producing movies in Telugu, Tamil, Marathi, and Hindi under Anjali Pictures. During 80's, he mostly composed music and wrote lyrics under Padmalaya Studios for actor Krishna till he died in 1991.
Aswini Pictures:
He founded "Aswini Pictures" along with A N R and makeup artist K. Gopala Rao to produce movies like "Maayalamaari" in 1951 in Telugu, "Mayakkaari" in Tamil, and "Annadhata" in 1954 for which he wrote lyrics and composed music.
Anjali Pictures:
He started a production house Anjali Pictures in 1951 by the name of his wife after parting ways with Aswini Pictures. He produced some of the blockbusters in film industry like Paradesi in 1952 in Telegu which was directed by L. V. Prasad in Telugu, Poongottai in Tamil, Anarkali in 1955, Suvarna Sundari in 1957 and Bhakta Tukaram in 1973. In all these movies, his wife Anjali Devi acted as the lead heroine. Most of the movies he produced had A N R as a lead actor.
He also produced movies in Hindi like Phoolon Ki Sej in 1964 and Suvarna Sundari, for which the he actually wrote the (1957).
Filmography:

Producer:
Maayalamaari in 1951.
Mayakkaari in 1951.
Pardesi in 1953.
Poongothai in 1953.
Annadata in 1954.
Anarkali in 1955.
Suvarna Sundari in 1957.
Swarnamanjari in 1962.
Phoolon Ki Sej in 1964.
Sati Sakkubai in 1965.
Ammakosam in 1970.
Bhakta Tukaram in 1973.
Mahakavi Kshetrayya in 1976.
[edit]Music director
Golla Bhama in 1947
Palletoori Pilla in 1950.
Maayalamaari in 1951.
Mayakkaari in 1951.
Pardesi in 1953.
Poongothai in 1953.
Annadata in 1954.
Anarkali in 1955.
Suvarna Sundari in 1957.
Manalane Mangayin Bhagyam in 1957.
Adutha Veetu Penn in 1960.
Runanubandham in 1960.
Swarnamanjari in 1962.
Mangayir Ullam Mangada Selvam in 1962.
Phoolon Ki Sej in 1964.
Sati Sakkubai in 1965.
Ammakosam in 1970
Agni Pareeksha in 1970.
Mosagallaku Mosagadu in 1971
Pedda Koduku in 1972.
Bhakta Tukaram in 1973.
Alluri Seetarama Rajuin 1974.
Mahakavi Kshetrayya in 1976.
Kannavari Illu in 1978.
Chandipriya in 1980.
Writer:
Suvarna Sundari in 1957.
Awards:

Best Music Director for film Suvarna Sundari.
Adinarayana Rao Award:

Anjali Devi launched an award on her husband name from 2011. Noted playback singer P. Susheela is the first recipient of that award.
 

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